William Caslon IV
Caslon founder and printer
No direct modern equivalent exists
FB Caslon's Egyptian, Johnston Sans, Adsans, Engraver's Gothic, Stephenson Blake's Grotesque
The first sans serif type.
Very rarely used
Sans Serif Grotesque
According to Robert Bringhurst, earlier typefaces exist that do not have serifs (including a type to be embossed for the blind, by Valentin Haüy in Paris, 1786). Caslon is thought to have cut this uppercase titling face from signwriters 'block' letters around 1812, but it makes no appearance until the Caslon 1816 specimen book, in which it is erroneously categorised as an 'English Two Line Egyptian'. This is perhaps understandable when comparing the wide and heavy proportions of the Egyptians with Caslon's Sans Serif and the Grotesques, which followed on from this pattern in the 19th century. Sans Serif designs that incorporated a lowercase were thought to originate in Leipzig in the 1820s.